Do these 3 things at home today — before freezing temperatures arrive

RICHMOND, Va. -- With the coldest day of the month (so far) in the forecast this week, now is the time to make sure your home up to task.

Justin Andress, President of Woodfin Oil, said cold temperatures and wind could easily freeze the pipes inside your home.

"When they freeze, they expand, they split and then you have a whole host of problems," Andress explained. "Regardless of whether you have a newer home or older home, you want to make sure you do things like close your crawl space doors, close crawl space vent."

Andress said Woodfin crews commonly see issues with outside hose faucets.

"Make sure your hose is still not connected to the faucet," Andress said.

Experts advise insulating the faucet with a protector available at any hardware store.

You can also prepare the pipes inside your home.

"It's a good idea, if it's really cold, if you have a faucet or a kitchen sink that's on an outside wall, just at night open up those cabinet doors just a little so the heat from the home can he keep that faucet warm," Andress.

He also recommended getting your home's heating system checked by a contractor, if you have not yet used it this winter.

5 things you should do and 1 thing you should NOT do if your pipes freeze

It is advice your mother gives you each time temperatures dip below the freezing mark. "Make sure to drip your faucets." Mom is right. Leaving a faucet open during freezing cold weather can help prevent your pipes from freezing and bursting -- which can lead to expensive home damage (see video below). But do you know how many faucets to keep running at one time? And do you know which faucets are most effective when it comes to preventing frozen pipes?

"One sink is good. Usually the farthest sink from where the water comes into the house," Henrico Fire spokesman Captain Daniel Rosenbaum advised. "If water comes in through the front of the house, look at the sink in the back of the house. That way, the water is flowing through all of the pipes on the underside of the house."

The Henrico Fire Department offered these prevention measures that may help protect your pipes:

FOAM

Insulate pipes exposed to the elements or cold drafts. By keeping your water warmer, you reduce the amount of energy needed to heat water in the cold, winter months.

FOAM

DOME

Place an insulating dome or other covering on outdoor faucets and spigots to reduce the likelihood of water pipes freezing, expanding and causing a costly leak.

DOME

DRIP

Allow a slow drip from your faucets to reduce the buildup of pressure in the pipes. Even if the pipes freeze, the release pressure in the water system will reduce the likelihood of a rupture.

DRIP

If your pipes do freeze, here are five things you should do and one thing you should NOT do:

  • You should keep the faucet open. As the frozen area starts to melt, water will flow and running water will help melt ice in the pipe.
  • Apply heat to frozen area using an electric heating pad wrapped around the pipe, an electric hair dryer or towels soaked in hot water.
  • Use a portable space heater, kept away from flammable materials, to warm under the house (Never leave heater unattended).
  • Apply heat until full water pressure is restored.
  • If you cannot find the frozen area, if the area is not accessible, or if you cannot thaw the pipe, call a licensed plumber.
  • DO NOT use a blowtorch, kerosene or propane heater, charcoal stove, or other open flame device.