RICHMOND – Virginia legislators will return to the state Capitol on Wednesday to consider whether to uphold or override Gov. Terry McAuliffe’s vetoes and recommendations of legislation passed during their 2016 session.
The Democratic governor vetoed 32 bills approved by the Republican-controlled General Assembly. That is the most vetoes since 1998, when Jim Gilmore, a Republican, was governor and most legislators were Democrats.
McAuliffe objected to a slew of hot-button bills – from a measure that would allow some school security officers to carry guns on the job, to the so-called “Tebow Bills” that would allow home-schoolers to participate in high school sports.
In addition, McAuliffe recommended changes to more than 50 bills. While many of the recommendations are minor, several involve the state budget, ethics rules and other major issues.
For example, the General Assembly passed a bill to make the electric chair the default form of capital punishment if the state cannot obtain the drugs to administer a lethal injection. Instead, McAuliffe recommended authorizing the Department of Correction to mix the drugs – using products from pharmacies that would remain anonymous.
Overriding a veto requires a two-thirds majority in both the House and the Senate. That is unlikely, because Republicans hold just 21 of the 40 seats in the Senate.
Gubernatorial recommendations must be approved by only a simple majority in both chambers. If the General Assembly rejects a recommendation, the governor then can veto the entire bill.
Here are some of the more controversial bills vetoed by McAuliffe.
SB 41 – Exempting Ministers from Non-Traditional Marriages
This bill would allow any minister or religious organization to refrain from participating in any marriage that goes against their religious beliefs such as same-sex marriages.
In his veto message, McAuliffe wrote, “Although couched as a ‘religious freedom’ bill, this legislation is nothing more than an attempt to stigmatize.” The governor also said the measure would be bad for the economy: “Businesses and job creators do not want to locate or do business in states that appear more concerned with demonizing people than with creating a strong business climate.”
HB 70 – Protecting Police Officers from Misdemeanors
This legislation would protect officers from being charged with a misdemeanor offense while on the job. It would require a judge to get authorization from a law enforcement agency or the commonwealth’s attorney to issue an arrest warrant for a misdemeanor offense, unless the alleged offense was reported by another police officer.
McAuliffe said: “Virginia enjoys outstanding law enforcement officers at all levels. They are not, however, perfect.” He said the bill could prevent judges from acting on “valid citizen complaints of police abuse.”
HB 766 and SB 626 – Concealed Permits for Protective Orders
These bills would allow domestic violence victims under a protective order to carry a concealed handgun for 45 days.
McAuliffe said the legislation “encourages victims of domestic violence to introduce deadly weapons into an already dangerous situation, an approach that I believe could have significant negative public safety consequences.” The governor proposed expediting the process of issuing concealed weapons permits to domestic violence victims if they receive firearms training; however, lawmakers have rejected that idea.
HB 131 and SB 612 – the “Tebow” Bills
Under this legislation, nicknamed for quarterback Tim Tebow, public schools could allow home-schooled students to compete in interscholastic competitions.
McAuliffe noted that public school students must meet certain academic criteria to participate in extracurricular activities. There would be no guarantee that home-schoolers meet the same criteria, McAuliffe said. “Participation in athletic and academic competitions is a privilege for students who satisfy eligibility requirements.”
HB 516 – “Sexually Explicit” Instructional Material
This bill would require elementary and secondary schools to notify parents before teachers provide children any “sexually explicit content.” Schools would have to let parents review the material and provide a non-explicit alternative. The bill was in response to a complaint by the mother of a Fairfax high school senior about Toni Morrison’s award-winning novel “Beloved,” which includes graphic scenes of slavery, rape and murder.
McAuliffe said that “open communication between parents and teachers is important” but such issues should be decided by local school boards. He said the Virginia Board of Education has been examining the matter and working with parents and local officials.
HB 2 and SB 21 – Approval of the EPA’s Clean Power Plan
The federal Environmental Protection Agency has ordered states to reduce carbon emissions from power plants. This bill would require the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality to receive approval from the General Assembly before responding to the EPA’s regulations.
McAuliffe wrote, “The interjection of required legislative approval into the Clean Power Plan process is an impermissible breach of Virginia’s constitutional separation of powers. Federal law provides that it falls to the Governor to submit required plans and submissions under the Clean Air Act, including plans to comply with the Clean Power Plan. … Requiring DEQ to obtain the approval of each chamber of the legislature before submitting a plan to comply with the Clean Power Plan constitutes legislative participation in a purely executive process.”
HB 9 – Voting Information
This legislation would require officials to reject voter registration forms that lack a full name, date of birth, Social Security number, citizenship status, address or previous voter registration information. Applicants also would be rejected if they fail to check a box indicating that they will be at least 18 before the next general election.
McAuliffe said, “The Voting Rights Act expressly prohibits denying applications for omissions that are not material to determining voter eligibility. … The checkbox is not material to determining whether the applicant meets the age requirements to register to vote because the applicant is already required to provide his or her date of birth.
“Government works best when as many citizens have a voice in our democracy as possible. We should be seeking ways to make it easier for qualified Virginians to participate in elections, not disenfranchising them over technicalities.”
On the Agenda for the Veto Session
Here is the complete list of bills vetoed by Gov. Terry McAuliffe. For more information on each bill, visit the Legislative Information Service (https://lis.virginia.gov/).
|Bill number||Catch line|
|HB 2||Clean Power Plan; state implementation plan, General Assembly approval.|
|HB 8||Virginia Virtual School; Board established.|
|HB 9||Voter registration; required information on application form.|
|HB 18||Franchisees; status thereof and its employees as employees of the franchisor.|
|HB 70||Warrants; issuance of arrest warrants for law-enforcement officers.|
|HB 131||Students who receive home instruction; participation in interscholastic programs.|
|HB 143||Alcoholic beverage control; neutral grain spirits or alcohol sold at government stores, proof.|
|HB 145||Virginia Public Procurement Act; public works contracts, prevailing wage provisions.|
|HB 254||House of Delegates districts; technical adjustment.|
|HB 259||SOL; Bd. of Education prohibited from adopting revisions that implement Common Core State Standards.|
|HB 264||Local government; prohibiting certain practices requiring contractors to provide compensation, etc.|
|HB 298||Coal tax; limits aggregate amount of credits that may be allocated or claimed for employment, etc.|
|HB 382||Firearms; control by state agencies, rights of employees.|
|HB 389||Virginia Parental Choice Education Savings Accounts; established, report, effective clause.|
|HB 481||Compliance with detainers; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement.|
|HB 516||Education, Board of; policy on sexually explicit instructional material.|
|HB 518||School boards, local; to provide students with option to transfer to another school division.|
|HB 560||Brandishing a firearm; intent to induce fear, etc., penalty.|
|HB 587||Memorials and monuments; protection of all memorials, etc.|
|HB 766||Concealed handguns; carrying with a valid protective order.|
|HB 1090||Health, Department of; expenditure of funds related to abortions and family planning services.|
|HB 1096||Firearms; regulation by state entities prohibited.|
|HB 1188||Senate districts; changes assignments of two census precincts in Louisa County.|
|HB 1234||School security officers; carrying a firearm.|
|HB 1371||Local government; prohibition on certain mandates upon employers.|
|SB 21||Clean Power Plan; state implementation plan; General Assembly approval.|
|SB 41||Religious freedom; marriage solemnization, participation, and beliefs.|
|SB 44||Coal tax; limits aggregate amount of credits that may be allocated or claimed for employment, etc.|
|SB 270||Sanctuary policies; U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detainers.|
|SB 612||Students who receive home instruction; participation in interscholastic programs.|
|SB 626||Carrying concealed handguns; protective orders.|
|SB 767||Form of ballot; party identification of candidates.|
By Grant Smith/Capital News Service
Capital News Service is a flagship program of VCU’s Robertson School of Media and Culture. Students participating in the program provide state government coverage for Virginia’s community newspapers and other media outlets, under the supervision of Associate Professor Jeff South.