Students from University of Virginia, Mary Washington, William & Mary, Virginia Tech, and Virginia Commonwealth University represented the Virginia Student Environmental Coalition (VSEC) at Monday’s protest.
The students refused to leave the DEQ lobby until Director David Paylor agreed to repeal the permits recently issued to Dominion which allow for the dumping of coal ash wastewater into the James River and Quantico Creek – which feeds into the Potomac.
The group also asked for the permits to be rewritten to comply with the best available technology standards, in accordance with the Clean Water Act, and that a mechanism for independent third party monitoring be implemented.
The current permits are in accordance with the Clean Water Act, argues the DEQ, and Dominion will be required to do monthly testing.
Students also called on the current permits to be halted, and re-issued only after an investigation into the 2015 dumping of untreated wastewater into Quantico Creek. The activists said that an environmental agency contacted Paylor in June 2015, to report that a coal ash pond at Dominion’s Possum Point Power Plant may have been illegally drained.
Paylor’s response, according to the Southern Environmental Law Center was that “our best information is that no water was discharged to state waters.”
Eight months later, InsideNova released a story in which Dominion spokesman Dan Genest confirmed 33.7 million gallons of untreated wastewater had been dumped into Quantico Creek in May 2015.
The next day, according to the agency, DEQ officials told the Prince William County Board of Supervisors meeting they were aware of Dominion’s untreated discharge in May of 2015.
“It was legal under the permit we had then,” Genest maintains.
A rally also took place outside of the building Monday and eventually shut off traffic moving through Main Street.
Banners read “DEQ HIDES DOMINON’S CRIMES” and activists held signs encouraging the state water quality agency to better protect Virginia’s rivers.
“David Paylor can’t keep his story straight regarding the wastewater dumping that took place last summer,” said Sarah Kinzer, a sophomore at Mary Washington. “If this is because he is covering for Dominion’s illegal activities, then how can we trust him to make future decisions regarding our environmental safety?
Students like Kendall King called for Paylore’s resignation if he “cannot adequately meet the health and safety needs of Virginia residents.”
Around 35 protesters attended. After 1 p.m., police removed about 17 people from inside the building. That group of protesters was issued tickets for trespassing. The people outside were moved across the street, and were not issued tickets.
As outcry continues against their plan, Dominion has become more vocal about the dewatering process, and released resources intended to help educate the media and the public.
Dominion and DEQ officials have declared that the plan is safe and up to standard, and the proposed permit has gone through appropriate public comment and revision.
“Well first I would like to say we respect the students for expressing their opinions and doing it peacefully,” said Genest. “However we do wish that they would have their information correct.”
“We will be protecting the environment, not harming the environment,” he added.
Dominion will be building extensive water treatment facilities and Genest said that this water will be treated, tested and released.
Dominion maintains that they water they release will be cleaner than what the federal regulations and DEQ are requiring.
“If you were able to swim in it yesterday, you will be able to swim in it after we release our water,” Genest said. “It won’t harm fish it won’t harm aquatic life, it will be just as it has always been.
“It is not going to harm any drinking water supplies,” he added. “We are all working together to protect the James River, it’s an important resource in our state, we are going to do nothing to harm we are going to help protect it.”
Dominion is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency to dewater the coal ash ponds as the company moves away from burning coal. They will be officially closed on April 18, 2018.
It’s not coal ash going into the waterways
Coal ash is the potentially toxic byproduct of burning coal and it is made up of aluminum oxide, iron oxide and silicon oxide. It contains arsenic, mercury and other metals.
The EPA created new regulations to address its disposal, not long after a leak in a 48-inch storm water pipe at retired Duke Energy plant in North Carolina sent about 39,000 tons of coal ash and wastewater and up to 27 million gallons of basin water pouring into the Dan River, which flows into Virginia.
At the plant upriver of Richmond, there are three coal ash ponds which contain approximately 357 million gallons of water (dependent on rainfall) that need to be drained. It will drain over a year and a half, and that’s it.
The water which sits on top if the coal ash is considered the least toxic part. Getting rid of that is the first step in Dominion’s plan to close its 11 coal ash ponds at its four Virginia facilities.
That’s why they are acquiring water permits.
Next they will need permits to address the stabilization of the coal ash, which will be a solids permit. The hearing for the solid waste permit will be in April.
At the plant closest to Richmond, the ash from one pond will be removed and a portion of the pond will be lined and repurposed as a wastewater treatment pond for the station, according to Dominion. The rest of the pond will be filled with clean soil and planted with natural grasses, they said.
The remaining two ponds will be closed in place using an engineered cover system consisting of a high density polyethylene layer, covered by 24 inches of soil, and vegetative cover to blend with the existing landscape. The cover system will protect ash from rainfall and protect groundwater, they said.
You can read the other plans here.
Dominion maintains that the water will be treated.
We’ll do this on-site using a multi-stage process according to stringent, government-mandated levels before discharge,” reads the fact sheet.
“We’re working with several firms that specialize in on-site wastewater treatment. Each site is being evaluated individually to select the best treatment process to protect the James and Potomac rivers and other waterways.”
The DEQ and environmental lawyers have previously acknowledged that the Bremo permit does allow for a “mixing bowl” area downstream of the power plant that will technically violate water quality standards before it is mixed with the James.
The established levels can be found in the permit posted on the DEQ site. The information starts on page 13.