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Obama: ‘Shame on us’ if Newtown doesn’t bring new gun laws

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WASHINGTON (CNN) — President Barack Obama tried to shame the nation and Congress into action against gun violence Thursday, saying it was time for action after the tears and grief of tragedies like the Newtown massacre in December that killed 20 first-graders.

“We need everybody to remember how we felt 100 days ago and make sure what we said wasn’t just a bunch of platitudes, that we meant it,” Obama said at a White House event on a national day of action by supporters of tougher gun laws.

His voice both somber and angry, Obama told the audience that included family members of Newtown victims that “we’ve cried enough” and now it is time for Americans to pressure their elected leaders to pass a package of laws proposed by Senate Democrats.

The proposals, all recommended by the president in the aftermath of the killings at an elementary school in Connecticut, include expanded background checks, tougher laws against gun trafficking and straw purchases, and improving safety at schools.

Fierce opposition led by the influential National Rifle Association and conservative politicians have made passage of the measures uncertain.

In addition, polls conducted over the past few weeks suggest that more than three months after the Newtown killings, public backing for major new gun laws has dropped.

Obama noted the political challenge as well as the poll numbers.

“There are some powerful voices on the other side who are interested in running out the clock, or changing the subject,” the president said, adding that “their assumption is that people will just forget about it.”

If that happens, Obama said, then “shame on us if we’ve forgotten.”

In trying to rally further public outcry, he declared that “nothing is more powerful than millions of voices calling for change.”

The White House event came on a national day of action by supporters of tougher gun laws, with rallies and other gatherings planned in cities across the country.

In addition, a group called Mayors Against Illegal Guns launched a $12 million ad campaign targeting members of Congress in 10 states to act on the legislation backed by Obama and approved by the Senate Judiciary Committee on mostly partisan lines.

Another proposal passed by the committee — a ban on semiautomatic firearms modeled after military assault rifles — already appears doomed.

While Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid says the ban proposed by Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-California, can still be offered as an amendment, he dropped it from the package going to the Senate floor because it lacks enough support to overcome a GOP filibuster.

Even if gun legislation passes the Democratic-led Senate, it has less chance of winning approval in the Republican-controlled House.

Obama rejected arguments by opponents of the legislation that the measures would strip Americans of their constitutional right to bear arms.

“What we’re proposing is not radical. It’s not taking away anyone’s guns rights,” the president said in warning legislators against getting “squishy because time has passed and maybe it’s not on the news every day.”

Instead, he said, it’s time to demonstrate that the American character was to be “willing to follow through on what we say is important.”

Obama and others pushing for tougher gun laws say the December attack by a lone gunman that killed 20 first-graders and six educators at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, showed the need for national action against gun violence.

They note the killer, 20-year-old Adam Lanza, used a semiautomatic rifle with a 30-round capacity magazine that would be banned under Feinstein’s proposal. The ban also would limit ammunition magazines to 10 rounds.

Opponents of tougher gun laws, led by the NRA, argue most gun violence involves pistols in urban areas, rather than the semiautomatic firearms targeted by Feinstein. Better enforcement of existing laws and posting armed security guards in schools would be more effective remedies, according to the NRA.

Police released new documents Thursday related to the Newtown shootings that showed that Lanza had a gun safe in his bedroom. The documents said that more than 1,600 rounds of ammunition were found in the home where Lanza killed his mother with one of her own guns, shooting her in the forehead as she lay in bed.

Lanza then went to the elementary school, shooting his way inside and opening fire on classrooms with a semiautomatic rifle before killing himself in the rampage that lasted five minutes, the documents showed.

“This is exactly why we need to ban high-capacity magazines and why we need to tighten our assault weapons ban,” Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy said Thursday. “I don’t know what more we can need to know before we take decisive action to prevent gun violence.”

After the Newtown shootings, some states — including New York — have passed tougher gun laws.

While the fervor for stronger legislation was high in the immediate aftermath of the shootings, a CBS News survey released this week indicated a 10-point decrease in support of stricter gun laws, from 57% immediately after the Newtown shootings to 47% now.

That poll was in line with a CNN/ORC International survey released last week that indicated a nine-point drop in the percentage of Americans who favor major restrictions on guns or an outright ban on gun ownership, from 52% following the shootings to 43%.

Other polls have shown changes in the same downward direction.

“Opinion on gun control was fairly steady over the past few years, but seemed to spike after the Connecticut shootings,” CNN Polling Director Keating Holland said. “The big question is whether support for major new gun laws has simply dropped back down to that previous level or whether the slide will continue even further.”

He noted that the biggest drop came among two specific demographics — older Americans and people who live in rural areas.

“In the immediate aftermath of the shootings in Connecticut, the number of rural Americans who supported major gun restrictions rose to 49% but now that support has dropped 22 points,” Holland said. “Support for stricter gun laws dropped 16 points among Americans over 50 years old in that same time.”

However, Obama noted that polls also show strong support across the spectrum, including gun owners, for expanding background checks to prevent firearms from ending up in the hands of the mentally ill and criminals.

The CBS poll showed that 90% of respondents agreed, and the president noted that support, asking Thursday “how often do 90% of Americans agree on anything?”

He urged people to find out where their congressional representatives stand on the gun legislation, adding that if a legislator wasn’t “part of the 90%, ask why not.”

CNN’s Paul Steinhauser, Susan Candiotti and Ben Brumfield contributed to this report.