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How Donald Trump got Carrier to stay in America

US President-elect Donald Trump walks to his plane at LaGuardia Airport, on December 1, 2016 in New York.
Trump is headed to Indianapolis, Indiana, to speak to workers at the Carrier factory. / AFP / Bryan R. Smith        (Photo credit should read BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP/Getty Images)

US President-elect Donald Trump walks to his plane at LaGuardia Airport, on December 1, 2016 in New York. Trump is headed to Indianapolis, Indiana, to speak to workers at the Carrier factory. / AFP / Bryan R. Smith (Photo credit should read BRYAN R. SMITH/AFP/Getty Images)

Carrier is getting only $7 million in financial incentives over the next 10 years from the state of Indiana to keep 1,000 jobs at an Indianapolis plant, sources familiar with the deal tells CNN.

That is just a fraction of the estimated $65 million a year it expected to save had it gone ahead with plans to move the jobs to Mexico. It suggests that the incentives cited by Carrier were not the only factor in its decision to stay put.

The company will get $500,000 per year in state income tax refunds, as long as it keeps at least 1,069 manufacturing jobs in the state.

It will also get about $200,000 a year to retrain workers, funding which is generally provided by the state.

Carrier announced late Tuesday that it had reached a deal with President-elect Donald Trump and Vice President-elect Mike Pence, who is currently governor of Indiana, to keep about 1,000 of 1,400 jobs at its Indianapolis plant, rather than move them to Mexico. The company said state “incentives” from Indiana were an “important consideration,” to its decision to stay put.

But experts say the state incentives are more likely window dressing than the real reason for Carrier decided to keep the jobs in the U.S.

“Most research points to economic development incentives rarely changing the behavior of firms,”

Most research indicates that economic development incentives rarely a firm’s behavior, according to Nathan Jensen, a professor at the University of Texas. “They are a subsidy to a company with little value to society. Our research shows that offering incentives is a great way for politicians to take credit, or minimize blame, for company decisions.”

The company’s statement also cited Trump’s promises to “create an improved, more competitive U.S. business climate.”

Carrier parent United Technologies is a major defense contractor, with $5.6 billion in revenue from federal government contracts, or 10% of its total revenue. The government also pays for $1.5 billion of its research and development costs.

Trump had also threatened to impose steep tariffs on goods made in Mexico that are exported back to the U.S. And he has vowed to renegotiate NAFTA, the free trade agreement between the U.S., Mexico and Canada. The uncertainty about the future of NAFTA could also have caused Carrier to reconsider the move.

Whatever the reason for the change of heart, members of the Trump team were thrilled with the credit he is getting for saving the Carrier jobs.

“The President-elect and the Vice President(-elect) picked up the phone and called the CEO of the United Technologies and told them we want to keep jobs here,” Steven Mnuchin, Trump’s pick to be Treasury secretary, told reporters in the Trump Tower lobby Wednesday.

The deal was receiving criticism from some officials on both the right and the left. Sen. Bernie Sanders wrote in the Washington Post that U.S. workers’ jobs are less secure because of the deal, since companies can simply threaten to move to Mexico in order to get tax breaks from the government.

“In essence, United Technologies took Trump hostage and won. And that should send a shock wave of fear through all workers across the country,” Sanders wrote Thursday.

But even some conservatives said they didn’t like the idea of an incoming administration becoming this involved in negotiations to save one company, especially one with such a minimal impact on the overall economy. They say it smacks of government interference in the marketplace, which they think is a bad idea.

“It makes sense for a president and his team to change a tax code, change the regulatory environment to help businesses,” said Douglas Holtz-Eakin, president of the American Action Forum, a conservative Washington think tank, told CNN. “I’m not a big fan of this kind of negotiation. I think the more limited it is the better.”